Print the pdf: Eli Whitney Coloring Page and color the picture.Eli Whitney was born on December 8, 1765, in Westborough, Massachusetts. Eli Whitney is most known for the invention of the Cotton Gin. A cotton gin is a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers. His invention didn’t make him a fortune, but it did earn him a lot of fame. He is also credited with inventing a musket with interchangeable parts.