Jackie Robinson's Birthday
Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. Robinson was the first African American to play major league baseball. He made his debut at Ebbets Field on April 15, 1047, for the Brooklyn Dodgers and played for 10 years.
Truman Announces Development of Hydrogen Bomb
On January 31, 1950, President Harry S. Truman announced his support to development the hydrogen bomb. The H-bomb is a nuclear weapon that is hundreds of times more powerful than the atomic bombs from World War II. The H-bomb was tested when it was detonated on November 1, 1952, on Enewetak atoll in the Pacific Marshall Islands. The blast vaporized the islet of Elugelab.
Guy Fawkes Executed
On January 31, 1606, English conspirator Guy Fawkes was executed for his part in the Gunpowder Plot. Fawkes had led a conspiracy in England to blow up King James I and the Houses of Parliament.